The European Commission has announced a plan to invest EUR 1 billion of public funds in improving the EU's infrastructure for high-performance computing. The plan includes the acquisition of four supercomputers and R&D subsidies to develop HPC technology in the EU, according Telecompaper. The plan follows a declaration by the Commission and 13 EU states last year to work together on improving the HPC infrastructure in the region. While several EU states are investing in the technology, the region is lagging other parts of the world, leading some European researchers and developers to process their data outside the EU. Pooling resources at the EU level to build better local infrastructure will support the development of the Digital Single Market as well as help address major economic and social challenges with the advanced computing power, the Commission said. 
Around half the funding from the EuroHPC project will come from the Commission, including existing Horizon R&D funds, and the remainder from ongoing HPC work in member states, with the entire amount to be invested by 2020. The project is open for other member states and private partners to join. 
The plan is to acquire and operate two world-class pre-exascale supercomputing machines and at least two mid-range supercomputing machines. Access to these supercomputers will be available to a wide range of public and private users starting from 2020. The research and innovation programme will support the development of European supercomputing technology, including the first generation of European low-power microprocessor technology and the co-design of European exascale machines, and to foster applications, skills development and a wider use of HPC.